Archive: academic

1979-80: Still Waiting for National Reconciliation

AFRICA
CONTEMPORARY
RECORD

Volume 12
1979-1980

Annual Survey and Documents
Sudan Chapter
Mohamed Beshir Hamid

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Sudan: Still Waiting for National Reconciliation

Events in ·Sudan during 1979 had a distinct aura of déjà vu: domestic policy followed a familiar pattern — alternating between reconciliation and estrangement, great expectations and grave disappointments, popular participation and public apathy, potential stability and recurring crises, the promise of economic salvation and economic deterioration.1 I Even more striking was the replication of this domestic pattern in Sudan’s external relations: the fluctuating fortunes in the attempts at national reconciliation between President Numeiry and former leaders of the National Front opposition were accompanied by ups and downs in Sudan’s relations with its neighbours. Read more

1978-79: Economic and Foreign Policy Dilemmas

AFRICA
CONTEMPORARY
RECORD

Volume 11
1978-1979

Annual Survey and Documents
Sudan Chapter
Mohamed Beshir Hamid

 

Download the FULL 1978-1979 record as PDF

Sudan: Economic and Foreign Policy Dilemmas

 

The Sudan was preoccupied with three major concerns in 1978: promotion of ‘national reconciliation,’ threats to the region’s security arising from developments in the Horn of Africa, and a desperate economic situation. After a promising start, the negotiations to create a new sense of political unity between the ruling Sudanese Socialist Union (SSU) and the outlawed opposition parties ran into serious difficulties in mid-year. The future of President Ja’afar Numeiry’s policy of national reconciliation thus remained uncertain in early 1979. Nor was there any improvement in the Sudan’s security position. The growing Soviet/Cuban involvement in Ethiopia was a cause of major concern for the regime, more particularly because of the problems raised by the unresolved conflict over Eritrea, with the number of Eritrean and other Ethiopian refugees in Sudan rising to several hundred thousand. Read more

1977-78 Attempts at National Reconciliation

AFRICA
CONTEMPORARY
RECORD

Volume 10
1977-1978

Annual Survey and Documents
Sudan Chapter
Mohamed Beshir Hamid

 

Download the FULL 1977-1978 record as PDF

Sudan: Attempts at National Reconciliation

 

By no means uncharacteristically for the Sudan, 1977, produced a number of quite unexpected developments-notably the return of Said al·Sadiq al-Mahdi, the former Prime Minister and leader of the Ansari Muslims, from exile in London. Then, when everything seemed to be set fair for a return to national reconciliation and stability, a major political upset occurred in the elections in the Southern Sudan in February 1978, which brought the downfall of Abel Alier’s government there. While the new government is unlikely to change its relations towards the North, there were further’ unexpected developments in Khartoum. The early honeymoon with Sadiq had not gone as well as hoped, and he returned to London for a time in February 1979, but went back to Khartoum after a month. Read more

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